Island biogeography and biodiversity lab answers



Island biogeography and biodiversity lab answers

Bigger island-->Bigger species richness; Also applied to lakes, mtns. doc), PDF File (. Islands have fewer species than continents. Robert MacArthur and E. 14 (428-450) Nov. Beyond trips to terrestrial ecosystems, students of ecology do spend field time studying aquatic systems. 5 % of the world’s total vascular plant species and a minimum of 70% habitat loss- to be classified as a biodiversity hotspot. The Theory of Island Biogeography states that larger islands closer to the mainland have higher biodiversity than smaller Biology 211 Fall 2010 Biodiversity, Ecology, and Conservation Biology Dr. Covers large-scale and global patterns of biodiversity, and how these are related to landscapes. The unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography. Students will have the opportunity to visit a number of habitats, including coral reef, mangrove swamp, salt marsh, tropical forest, temperate forest, boreal forest, and alpine tundra. pdf), Text File (. Island Biogeography. The answer, at least from modeling studies to be considered below, is a clear no. de Carvalho entered in the Department of Zoology. We review the concepts of genetic drift and colonization and their effects on genetic diversity in populations. The Biodiversity Research Group was well represented at the third biennial meeting of the International Biogeography Society in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife on the 9th - 13th January. 2017. Each week, one or more students will be selected to present an overview of the lab exercises to the class. 2-New species from islands come from evolution and migration from the mainland 3-The smaller the island is the less the species are 4-The farther the island, the fewer species 2. Agenda 1. , my student Catalina Pimiento's work on Miocene sharks from Panama. Office hours are Thursdays 11:40-1:40 p. Because island habitats are so isolated and unique, the theory of island biogeography Island biogeography is the study of the species composition and species richness on islands. This is an aerial view of our forest, 100 m on each side. Note in Figure 2 that as species richness increases, immigration rate decreases, and extinction rate increases. Based on your data, which island do you think is most important to protect and why? 8. Dávalos) versity, using null distributions of functional diver‐ The signature of geographic isolation, given time, sity built from archipelago‐wide regional species is speciation and endemicity. Prof. B3 12:30-12:50) Field Lab: Island Biodiversity ( Madagascar) Biogeography is the study of geographic patterns in distribution, diversity and abundance, and is an exciting and the implications and practical applications of ecological biogeography in biodiversity answer exam questions. 2 Ecosystem Services. -Rate of extinction determined by size of island: large=low, small=high. Princeton island biogeography in an age The instructor will not provide answers to questions from primarily on Catalina Island, we will explore specific ecological concepts of islands and how colonization of islands by people alters island ecology. GIS For Conservation: Mapping and Analyzing Distributions of Wild Potato Species for Reserve Design DIVA-GIS program Each lab provides background material emphasizing the important concepts, a series of exercises using data from actual studies of endangered and threatened species, andquestions. 4. O. This course provides an introduction to the study of pattern and process in ecological communities with an emphasis on theoretical, experimental and quantitative approaches. m. Due to the industries of the 6 hundred million or so of us in the developed world, and the marginal contribution of over 5. ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY AND EVOLUTION: SOLVING A PHYLOGENETIC PUZZLE USING MOLECULAR GENETICS R. Virtual Lab This model simulates MacArthur & Wilson's 1963 Island Biogeography There is an updated version of this lab - Island Biogeography New. It's also a book full of What can molecular genetics contribute to marine biogeography? An urchin’s tale Stephen R. -Island proximity to mainland affects species richness. -Species richness coorelated w/ island size. I conducted my Ph. The Theory of Island Biogeography Island biogeography has been a subject of considerable interest to biologists and geographers since the time of Darwin, Wallace, and the less well-known Hooker. He referred to a fundamental theory in ecology called the theory of island biogeography. Population Ecology Review - Image Diversity: world human population Grattepanche J-D, Santoferrara LF, McManus GB, & Katz LA (2016) Unexpected biodiversity of ciliates in marine samples from below the photic zone. Learn more about our ongoing research and classes offered by clicking on the links above! You can follow us via: or . Biodiversity can be studied on a global level all the way down to studying it within a microscopic ecosystem (National Wildlife Federation, 2015). On his visit to the Galapagos Islands, Charles Darwin discovered several species of finches that varied from island to island, which helped him to develop his theory of natural selection. 1)What are the 4 main principles in the theory of island biogeography? 1-Islands have fewer species than countries. Date Lecture Lab Aug 28 M Course introduction and Island biogeography background Island biogeography exercise Aug 30 W Ch. Patterns and processes in microbial biogeography: do molecules and morphologies give the same answers? ISME J. This course includes a field trip to the Mt. Note: If you were absent and have Amazon Prime, you can watch the video using that and these questions above. A survey of the plant kingdom with emphasis on morphological, physiological, and reproductive aspects of plants. The mailing address is Biodiversity Institute, 1345 Jayhawk Blvd. However, much of the theory of island biogeography was built on data which came from their studies of the . It aims to analyze where organisms live, and in what abundance. It has been recently suggested that different ‘unified theories of biodiversity and biogeography’ can be characterized by three common ‘minimal sufficient rules’: (1) species abundance distributions follow a hollow curve, (2) species show intraspecific aggregation, and (3) species are independently placed with respect to other species. 2 K and R Selected Species. I am happy to make an appointment to talk with you if you are not available after lecture. Tekle YI, Anderson OR, Katz LA, Maurer-Alcalá XX, Romero MAC, Molestina R. Islands 2. What does island biogeography theory suggest about the ideal design of a nature preserve? (Think of a preserve as a habitat island. David Quammen's book, The Song of the Dodo, is a brilliant, stirring work, breathtaking in its scope, far-reaching in its message -- a crucial book in precarious times, which radically alters the way in which we understand the natural world and our place in that world. 7) 11 Nov. 3 Island Biogeography. 2: What is an ecological island? GENERAL BIOLOGY with LAB BIOL 1120 . g. 18-21 Cultural biogeography Q&A session related to Term Paper. Is it a natural island, or did humans have a role in its developemtn. Also available: Fundamentals of Conservation Biology, 3rd edition (2007) by Malcolm L Hunter Jr and James Gibbs, ISBN 9781405135450 aspect of the field of Biogeography. What is an ecological island? The primary focus of work in my lab is to address fundamental questions related to the origin and maintenance of biodiversity and distribution of species, especially arachnids, using an integrative approach. The model considers the interaction of two main parameters, colonization and extinction, and then considers island size and distance from mainland as predictors of the species richness found on each island. interpretation and presentation of ecological data. In this section there are models that explore biodiversity equilibrium, and provide data for various estimates of biodiversity. 3. Therefore larger reserves are usually much more valuable for conserving species than smaller ones. However, it is not practical to measure biodiversity at all levels in all places, so biodiversity assessment methods must be optimized to the specific level of organization and spatial scale of interest. Explain what is demonstrated by a species-area curve. 2016. 2. Biodiversity: a measure of the variety of different types of life on Earth. It is the variation in the ecosystems found in a region or the variation in ecosystems over the whole planet. 1 PHYSICAL TEMPLATE Sep 4 M No class - Labor Day Sep 6 W Ch. Labs meet each week during the term with no lab in week 10. General Education: Lab Science. In their model, species colonize islands by migrating from the mainland at some rate, and the existing species on the islands go extinct at  An island's biodiversity is affected by colonization and extinction. Then students will decided if 7 statements about the importance of biodiversity are true or false. Islands Is an emphasis on biodiversity important? 1. 1. 3 The relationship between biodiversity and disease transmission risk Miriam Pfäffle, Nina Littwin, Trevor N Petney Department of Ecology and Parasitology, Zoological Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany Abstract: A healthy ecosystem is sustainable, meaning that it has the ability to maintain its structure and functions over time. Each exam will comprise essays, short answers, multiple–choice and in some cases, computer-based questions. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. This text contains 14 labs that are designed as a teaching tool for introductory undergraduate or high school environmental or ecological laboratory courses. You can run virtual experiments manipulating the following: island size, distance from mainland, habitat type, and species types (e. 22. high biodiversity, high levels of primary The publication of The Theory of Island Biogeography by Robert MacArthur and E. txt) or read online for free. 4 billion others in developing countries, we all now face planet-wide environmental risks from our present lifestyle. The largest and most obvious of these is that biodiversity is _____. What is a population? In biology, a population is a set of individuals of the same species living in a given place and at a given time. Renowned American ecologists Robert MacArthur and E. Answer questions 1 and 2 on the Theory of Island Biogeography Guide-sheet concerning and the four habitat islands and then place it on a table or lab counter. College board quiz Measuring Primary Productivity Dr. View Lab Report - Island Biogeography Lab Report from A ECL 312 at Iowa State University. One answer is that New Guinea has more than fifty times the area of Bali, and numbers of species ordinarily increase with available  Island biogeography is the study of the species composition and species richness . Lab exercise 6 is due at the beginning of the lab period. A modified version of the classical island biogeography model proposed by MacArthur and Wilson (1963) is depicted above. 4 Ecological Tolerance. Ecology is the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings. 1 Journals Invasions, Invasive Species and Island Biogeography 1: What are the 4 main principles in the theory of island biogeography? Islands have fewer species than continents; 2 sources of new species on an island are migration from the mainland and evolution of new species in place; The smaller the island, the fewer the species Keywords: Bioinformatics, Biogeography, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Project: The island of Madagascar is classified as one of the six major biodiversity hotspots of the world. Course Section Course Title / Syllabus Instructor(s) BOT 4935, BSC 2930, & ZOO 4926 Introduction to Natural History Collections: BOT 5725-Taxonomy of Vascular Plants Aim. M. Descrição do Site. (1 pt) Based on SPARs, explain why Rosenzweig thinks that we need to protect as much habitat as possible, even if it is engineered by us. This biogeographic pattern has attracted attention for over a century, but the mechanisms generating such diversity gradients remain uncertain. Use the embedded link to help explain ‘island biogeography’ and to describe the factors involved in the colonization of this controlled area of study, by different species of flora and fauna. Asch ¦ Faculty ¦ Department of Biology. One for the Classics page Daniel Simberloff is probably best known for his work on the implications of invasive (non-indigenous) species for biodiversity, although he has contributed to a wide range of conservation disciplines. Summary: Background. Triantis1,2 and Shonil A. The Island on which the most counters landed, on average, Is the Island that has the highest species survival, and the Island on Ch 8 Island biogeography lab 1. Wilson of Harvard, developed a theory of "island biogeography" to explain such uneven distributions. Fragments are seperated from each other by an uninhabitable About This Quiz & Worksheet. • Using the lab assignments, to apply the information covered in lecture to a real world scenario. O. There are two possible answers. " SeeBioInteractive for many more resources: This model simulates MacArthur & Wilson's 1963 Island Biogeography Equilibrium paper. 2-New species from islands come from evolution and migration from the mainland 3-The smaller the island is the less the species are 4-The farther the island, the fewer species 2)What is an ecological island? ESPM C103/IB C156 Principles of Conservation Biology Fall 2016 with answers submitted on scantron forms. The smaller the island, the fewer the species. The farther the island from a mainland, the few the species. Harder questions may require you to go beyond memorization, I will Nov. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. productivity, coexistence models, island biogeography, diversity-stability, networks/connectivity) community phylogenetics, neutral theory of biodiversity) General Education: Lab Science. How does biodiversity on each island relate to anticipated speciation rates on each island? 7. D. Specifically, larger islands will have higher carnivore biodiversity because there are more resources and space to Conservation Biology, Habitat Fragmentation, and Metapopulations Video Conservation Biology, Habitat Fragmentation, You may remember that the Theory of Island Biogeography basically showed Conservation Biology, Habitat Fragmentation, and Metapopulations Video Conservation Biology, Habitat Fragmentation, You may remember that the Theory of Island Biogeography basically showed Although elevational gradients of biodiversity have long been the topic of scientific research, information on patterns of, and processes that shape insect community structure across elevation is Part II 1. 2001 Crooks and Soule 1999 7 Wildlife diseases, humans and urbanization Biodiversity and Lyme disease Osteld and Keesing 2000 8 The Animal Diversity Web is an online database and encyclopedia of animal natural history, built through contributions from students, photographers, and many others. Geography 387/487: Biogeography (Spring 2013) • Copying answers from your neighbors during exams/activities or using a “cheat sheet” Lab Topic: Island The example the lab used is the anole lizard species. First, conservation biology as a discipline has expended a great deal of intellectual effort in articulating exactly what is its object of study and has settled on biodiversity as the answer. Load the "Sampling" situation file by choosing ’Open’ in the File menu. Course format: This is an intensive four-week course. 31. Research Interests: As a fisheries oceanographer, my goal is to conduct research that will advance our understanding of how climate change affects fish populations and provide knowledge for the effective management of living marine resources. Today, biogeography is a multidisciplinary science and has as main goal the understanding of the spatial and timing distribution of organisms. 1 Generalist and Specialist Species. Remington and Grant looked at two common measurements of biodiversity. Research papers will be minimum 5 pages (12-point font, 1-inch margins, single-spaced), follow the citation format of the Journals of the Ecological Society of America (examples will be distributed later and are on CI Learn), and draw from topic than the title. On mainlands the problems being faced is habitat fragmentation. Email me your answers as an attachment in MS doc or RTF format. BIO 132 Human Biology 4 SH This course is intended for students not majoring in biology and will fulfill the general education lab science requirement. -International Wildlife Treaties Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). What is a browser? Microsoft Internet Explorer Mozilla Firefox Google Island Biogeography Laboratory 1 Learning Goals At the end of this laboratory, the students should be able to: Describe the species{area curve and the equilibrium model of island biogeography; Use the equilibrium model of island biogeography to predict both (a) the equilibrium number of species on an island and (b) the equilibrium species Island biogeography can quite easily be used in mainland biodiversity. Our online conservation biology trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top conservation biology quizzes. Catalog Course Description: A survey of the animal kingdom including structure and function of organ systems, embryonic development, and behavioral concepts. Jensen L, Grant JR, Laughinghouse HD, Katz LA. List and explain both here, and put a star next to the one that is probably the primary cause of the latitudinal difference in biodiversity. 9 Testing . The Diptera Lab of the Universidade Federal do Paraná - currently Biodiversity and Biogeography Lab - was created in 1983 when Claudio J. Biodiversity is important because Evolution Video Quizzes. Introducing species to change ecosystems is a balancing act They report their results in a recent study published in the journal Global Ecology & Biogeography the further the island from Course Justification. c) Field work. Conservation biology is the study of methods for protecting biodiversity. Coccinellidae is a group of approximately 6000 primarily predaceous beetles. Biodiversity plays a key role in the growth and stability of an ecosystem. Due to the industries of the 5 hundred million or so of us in the developed world, and the marginal contribution of over 5 billion others in developing countries, we all now face planet-wide environmental risks from our present lifestyle. The lab fee covers the cost of airfare, in-country transportation, and approximately three weeks of in-country lodging and food. The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity. This added to the long-standing interest in island biogeography. the average number of counters that landed on each Island. (2. 27 lecture 22 Island biogeography ch 21 & 22 28/29 No lab Thanksgiving recess Dec 2 lecture 23 Biodiversity & conservation (final paper due) ch 21 & 22 4 lecture 24 Abundance or catastrophe? 5/6 lab 13 Review Course review Dec. Ch 8 Island biogeography lab - Free download as Word Doc (. Details will be provided in lab. Wilson in 1967. From fewer big trees, declines of big carnivores, elephant & rhino poaching, to fishing down the web, big species tend to cop it hardest when it comes to human-caused ecological disturbance. Includes coverage of air and water circulation, biomes, measures of diversity, species-area curves and island biogeography, paleoecology and geologic-time impacts on diversity. Turn in Population Pyramids Lab from Friday and Island Biodiversity Lab questions (if complete); "Mother Caring for 7 Billion" Video with questions Download Mother Caring for 7 Billion Video Questions. " A new computational method, published in the journal Systematic Biology, tested two competing theories about how species came to live where they do and found strong evidence for jump dispersal [e. at the Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC, Oeiras, Portugal) and received my degree from the University of Lisbon in 2010. Biodiversity is a Guarantee of Evolution The Song of the Dodo: Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions In this book, the author explores current patterns of extinction, and why they are Theory of Island Biogeography Guide-Sheet. Laboratory 10 Island Biogeography 10-2 II. Herpetological biodiversity in the West Indies. Advanced Placement Biology - The official AP Biology site at the College Board. The image shows the number of species found Biodiversity lesson plans and worksheets from Relationships and Biodiversity Lab Lesson Planet high school learners explore island biogeography through a game VanEtten Lab 10 Biodiversity Summer 2009 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. My belief is that it is much more fulfilling for students to address questions Unit 2 The Living World: Biodiversity. Take out a piece of notebook paper upon which you will write the answers to this worksheet. shaped the path to modern biogeography. The development of bio- "The difference between animals and humans is that animals change themselves for the environment, but humans change the environment for Yet Wallace was a great naturalist in his own right, particularly in the way he used evolutionary theory to interpret the natural world. My aim will be to provide students with the tools, information, and historical context necessary to address emerging conservation issues. My own experience with college lab courses or other semester assignments was often disappointment that the answers to the questions being studied were already known. In recent years, our research focuses on the small-island effect (SIE), nested subset pattern (nestedness), community assembly rules, extinction risk and life According to the species equilibrium model, or theory of island biogeography, the larger islands have higher biodiversity because they have more species landing on it because it is easier to land on a large area than a smaller one, and also that the closer the island is, the more species will arrive because the species don’t have to travel The island biogeography theory suggests that it's not always possible to make adequate protected areas. The Biology examination covers material that is usually taught in a one-year college general biology course. xls file) (right click to “save as…”) 23. Island biogeography applies to _____ Global biodiversity exists in a number of patterns. Island . This has been called the Space-Time Paradox and relates to the Tropical Refugium versus Cradle of Biodiversity hypothesis. AP Environmental Science Lab and Field Investigations In AP Environmental Science, you’ll do hands-on work in the laboratory and make observations and explore problems in real-world settings. He regularly teaches a topics graduate seminar in Biodiversity Conservation. I find this topic really interesting and I usually teach this section as an old fashioned lecture with additional media. Read the next post for more recommended labs. island of Hawaii, scientists gather data about changes in the earth’s atmosphere. A new paper appearing in Proceedings of the Royal Society B shows a varied collection of lizards throughout Asia to be unexpectedly close cousins of beach-dwelling mourning geckos, all descended from a common ancestor species that thrived along an ancient archipelago in the West Pacific that served as a “superhighway” of biodiversity. Dr. Hooker explored islands in the South Atlantic and South Pacific. MUTUALISM, BIODIVERSITY, ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION, PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ATTRIBUTES OF SOILS, AQUATIC SYSTEMS, ENERGY FLOW, ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY. Unit #3- Ecosystems, Food Webs and Biodiversity; Do you think scientists should have sprayed the island with DDT? If not, what should they have done about the Access study documents, get answers to your study questions, and connect with real tutors for BIOL 2251 : Biodiversity at University Of North Texas. Biodiversity can be quantified at many levels of biological organization—from the molecular to the ecosystem [13,14]. Students are expected to put in 3 hours of work/credit hour/week in addition to lecture and lab to achieve the learning goals of this course. 2012-2013 Assistant Curator, Catalina Island Conservancy Herbarium. FILSON PREFACE ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY and Evolution is an activity about the evolution of three species of lizards on the Canary Islands. Human biology introduces students to the scientific method, the structure and function of the human body, diseases, the evolution of humans, and ecology. I am interested in promoting collaborations to study other aspects of the ancient or modern biodiversity of the Neotropics, e. This 5E includes a teacher's guide, sample answers, and a template for drawing islands on poster paper. Q: Question 19 1 pts What is the role of oxygen in the ETC? O To bind excess carbons. Climate and Weather Biodiversity Definition 'Biological diversity' means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Pattern recognized by Forster & de Candolle; Lack, Mayer 1940's; Hutchinson 1950's (islands, diversity). Ecologists have long noted that islands, particularly those far from continents are naturally depauperate of species relative to nearest land masses (to continental areas with similar climate/vegetation) and that smaller islands in the same group of islands (so the same distance from continents) are additionally impoverished. area paper; Donovan Island Biogeography chapter 5 Fragmentation Midterm Donovan Edge Effects chapter 6 Do species losses really matter? Mesopredator release Tropical islands, California fragments Terborgh et al. A Google Map link is here (ignore the rather incongruous name that Google uses for the building!). Objectives for students include: (a) master major concepts of biogeography What are the three pressures that lead to biodiversity according to E O wilsons theory of island biogeography? immigration, emmigration, and extinction events. b) Exams. The Journal of Biogeography was established in 1974. You should see four windows open on the screen: (1) ’Species Grid’ showing brown and green dots. Ecosystem diversity deals with the variations in ecosystems within a geographical location and its overall impact on human existence and the environment. Leader of Evolutionary Genetics - EG Vítor Sousa Researcher. The island's land biodiversity is not equivalent to the biodiversity of a tropical and answers are inferred through the study of truly isolated habitats: islands. Loosely following the theme of last week’s post, it’s now fairly well established that humans tend to pick on the big species first. landscape of Shanghai and Beijing. island biogeography, and population ecology were subjects of major investigation and development in the 1960s and 1970s, and while these disciplines have direct relevance to conservation, they traditionally emphasized the study of species in their natural environments, in The Peterson lab is in 1082 Dole Hall, on KU's main campus. Here, Dr. Despite the turnover, there will be an equilibrium number based on how far the island is from the mainland and how big the island is. Journal of Environmental Education, Wntr 2001 v32 i2 p60 The first lab introduces students to the concept of biodiversity and engages them in as are island • the interrelationships of organisms and biodiversity; concepts of niche, food webs/chains • the relationship between species diversity and the theory of island biogeography • the relationship between community structure (and trophic relationships) and species diversity in communities Our lab studies biodiversity loss and extinction in human-altered landscapes. SAC wildlife sanctuary and a weekend field trip to a local reserve. If you have questions that require short answers, feel free to use email. Ch. Before each lab, read the relevant pages of the lab manual carefully and make an outline of the concepts and procedures. It's been around for decades but really took off in 2001 when Stephen Hubbell, then a plant biologist at the University of Georgia, published "The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography. ). The species has branched out in order to adapt to various niches. Answers must be written out in paragraph form. both in nature and in the lab Bonine & Tyler, ECOL 206, spring 2007 4 4 a) Five species of warblers have similar fundamental niches. This text and RAMAS EcoLab software are accessible only through webschoolofscience. The first lab session is for hands-on library orientation in the Waldo library and the last meeting is a review session for the whole course. Market Description: For those interested in learning the basics of ecology on campus In this entry, we explore questions regarding the ontology, theoretical structure, and values central to conservation biology. Biotic Interactions (2): LAB 8 Behaviors, exploitation - Echinoderms & Chordates Spot Test - Labs 6,7 10 marks (Nov. ' Exam questions are short-answer, multiple choice or matching. birds, arthropods, etc. • To understand the processes that affect how biotas respond to a changing climate, and the challenges we face today and in years to come. O It's being produced by splitting water. Rob Whittaker and Jose Maria Fernandez-Palacios (La Laguna University and associate member of OUCE) were the meeting organisers. Please Do Not Write On This Sheet. Santoferrara LF, Grattepanche JD, Katz LA, McManus GB. Angela C. Biogeography and ecology share many of their disciplinary roots. Wilson in 1967 showed that the species richness of an area could be predicted in terms of such factors as habitat area, immigration rate and extinction rate. -assumption: species richness tend towards equilibrium AND rate of immigration - extinction. In one of his most important applications, he helped found the modern science of biogeography — the study of how species are scattered across the planet, and how they got that way. 3 PRIMARY PRODUCTION Biodiversity module: zooplankton and pelagic habitat (field trip) Ecologically speaking, what is an island? Identify an island within about ten miles from your home. The subject matter tested covers the broad field of the biological sciences, organized into three major areas: molecular and cellular biology, organismal biology, and population biology. LAB  Oct 22, 2010 One issue that disrupts biodiversity is habitat fragmentation. Quammen explores why island life differs so much from mainland life. This theory predicts that island size and its distance to the mainland affects the biodiversity, or number of species, found on that island. (MacFadden, 2010). 25-28 Biodiversity and conservation 428) NO LAB 1. The high marine species diversity in the Indo-West Pacific declines sharply to the east and west of the Indonesian Archipelago. The basic idea of the model is that the number of species on an island is determined by the immigration of new species and the extinction of species already present; when these two rates balance one another, the species number is at equilibrium. Ecologists have established clear links between habitat fragmentation and species extinction. Explain why it is an island. Biology Lab- Island Biogeography. Biogeography theory grew out of the work of Wallace [30] and Darwin [5]. As stated previously, Christopher hypothesized that Ecosystem B would have a higher biodiversity that Ecosystem A. 7 Ecological Succession. Island biogeographic theory suggests that there is a relationship between the size of an area and the number of species it can be expected to contain, as well as that the number The tow sources of new species on an island are migration from the mainland and evolution of new species in place. Ecosystem diversity is a type of biodiversity. Answers to Exercise 11. The theory of island biogeography proposes that the number of species found on an Explain the term colonization to the students, and relate it to their answers on the board. answers. Come to class prepared. Community ecology is an interdisciplinary field that bridges concepts in biodiversity science, biogeography, evolution and conservation. Your research paper may well touch on much of the controversy over management of your species, but the emphasis must be on the biological issues involved. Patterns of Distribution 5. How can you tell how many there are when there are too many to count? This model simulates a pond of tadpoles. You may begin writing your responses before the reading period is over. Course structure will lean toward discussions of text chapters and readings. Only material written in the space provided will be scored. Biogeography is a field at the intersection of ecology and evolution: students are expected to be conversant in both fields for this course. AP Biology - A Site maintained by the University of Georgia dedicated to improving the AP Biology Program. Munroe  Island Biogeography: Evaluating Correlational Data and. 10 FINAL EXAM Tuesday, December 10, 8:00 – 10:00 a. 5 pts) Biogeography (an amalgamation of biology and geography) is the comparative study of the geographic distribution of organisms and the corresponding evolution of their traits in space and time. There will be two exams, an in-class mid-term exam and a cumulative final exam. Double click on the Ecobeaker icon to open it. Topics are discussed in the context of how they inform conservation biology. It would be interesting to know more about the actual ocean currents affecting this island group. To obtain instructions for each assignment, access the course Moodle site and click on the links in the Assignments section. In FY2014 we continued work on network models of spatial biodiversity processes, and applications to diversity dynamics in general across social and biological systems. and the biodiversity of each region and they should Conservation Biogeography, Hence, decisions about corridors should be case- answers to questions like  Central Question: What type of data do you need to answer a geographic question? Forum​: . Biology Overview. One challenge with measuring “biodiversity” is that it means different things to different people. biodiversity on islands. . Closer=richer. Important decisions have to be made about the optimum size, shape, pattern and geographical coverage of reserves often based on principles of island biogeography. Bob Podolsky Study guide for the FINAL exam This study guide simply condenses the set of questions given on past study guides (no new questions are added from units 1-9) and adds a section for unit 10: Animals. txt) or view presentation slides online. Invasions, Invasive Species and Island Biogeography 1:What are the 4 main principles in the theory of island biogeography? islands that have less species than continents; two sources of new species; smaller island= fewspecies; The greater the distance from the mainland that an island is, the fewer the species. Population genomics Adaptation Gene flow Hybridization Demographic history Bioinformatics. You will submit your first Lab report for tutor assessment and feedback. 10, 1779-1790 . of these constants in your answer. Discover how phylogenetic trees illustrate the connections between a vast array of species. Island Biogeography 6. Six of the 13 lab meetings will be in the laboratory (including computer sessions) and 5 will be in the field. Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography. " It holds that species might be co-occurring because they were effectively equivalent competitors — that they're battling it out until they Doctoral Candidacy Exam Preparation. Evolution is the key to understanding how all life on Earth is related. Define the term biodiversity; Describe the ways that evolution influences biodiversity; Explain the Theory of Island Biogeography; Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth (species, genetic, and ecosystem) Evaluate the primary causes of biodiversity loss; Describe the major benefits of biodiversity (be sure to know specific examples of each) Lab 8: Island Biogeography . They proposed that the number of species on any island reflects a balance between the rate at which new species colonize it and the rate at which populations of established species become extinct. Biogeography is present in humans’ life since the beginning of civilizations, when recognizing the best areas to find food was crucial to survival. 11 of the lab meetings will start with a short quiz. Morrow, University of Northern Colorado Correlation to topic in Course Description Flow of Energy -sources sinks, conversions The Cycling of Matter The Biosphere -ecosystems and change, biomass, energy transfer, succession Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources … 53D Exploring Island Biogeography Activities Quiz Chapter 54 54A Pyramids of Production 54B Energy Flow and Chemical Cycling 54C The Carbon Cycle 54D The Nitrogen Cycle 54E Water Pollution From Nitrates 54F The Greenhouse Effect Activities Quiz Chapter 55 55A Madagascar and the Biodiversity Crisis 55B Introduced Species: Fire Ants Welcome to the Conservation Biogeography Lab! We carry out research on understanding dynamics in coupled human-natural systems, as well as on how to balance human resource use and biodiversity conservation. 181051 Carolina Exploring Biodiversity Kit Carolina™ Exploring Biodiversity Kit Use the scientific method to explore complexities of biodiversity with this flexible yet comprehensive exercise. One particular group of interest in my lab is the arachnid order Opiliones (harvestmen). Biodiversity Hotspot Lab 12 According to the international joint initiative group, the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), a region must meet this criteria- 1,500 endemic species of vascular plants or more than 0. TOPIC: Ecology: Biodiversity and species area relationships extends these ideas to explore McArthur and Wilson's theory of island biogeography. They have studied the ecology, behavior, biogeography, and genetics of Darwin's finches for the last 30 years. This Biological Diversity and Conservation Worksheet is suitable for 7th - 12th Grade. The manual also provides clear step-by-step instructions on the use of RAMAS ® EcoLab 2. 1 Introduction to Biodiversity. O It takes up the electrons and protons and forms water. , rafting], especially for island species. ) island biogeography suggest that the natural preserve be abundant of a variety of organism within the species and a variety of prey for the species to feed on. Unit 3 Populations. The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago of 13 major islands and more than a hundred smaller islands that straddle the equator off the Ecuadorian coast. Wilson developed a model of island biogeography. This means that the island has many species found nowhere else on earth, but also that this region and its extreme species richness is highly at risk from habitat loss. 2001 Crooks and Soule 1999 7 Wildlife diseases, humans and urbanization Biodiversity and Lyme disease Osteld and Keesing 2000 Using data on 77 North American migratory bird species from the eBird citizen-science program, scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology say that, in as little as four decades, it may be very We love quantitative analysis, and we don’t shy away from statistics and coding – in the past we have counted Pokemon to calculate different biodiversity metrics, we have tested island biogeography theory, and we have gone through live coding exercises in class. On a global scale, biodiversity is being lost at an alarming rate, largely due to habitat destruction. Project teams selected to go to Madagascar will be assessed a lab fee at the time their participation in the trip is confirmed. It is a rich and flexible resource designed both as an encyclopedia for exploring biodiversity and for use in formal, inquiry-based education. always been an island and give a thoughtful explanation of how species might be inhibited in terms of reproduction or dispersal. The brown dots represent beech trees and the green area paper; Donovan Island Biogeography chapter 5 Fragmentation Midterm Donovan Edge Effects chapter 6 Do species losses really matter? Mesopredator release Tropical islands, California fragments Terborgh et al. When your species migrates from the main ecosystem out towards the four islands, which islands will receive the greatest number of immigrants and which the least? Available for online access only. In this biological diversity worksheets, students will use a word bank to fill in the blank of 8 statements about biological diversity. Other influencing factors that contribute to the island’s biodiversity include the degree of isolation, the length of isolation, the size of the island, the climate, ocean currents, and human activity. Molecular Ecology 25(16):3987-4000 . com. Subject(s ):  Welcome to the Insect Biodiversity and Biogeography Laboratory! We are a Our research seeks to answer the following questions. 9. to the following questions (individual answers should be turned in with your lab write up ):. March 26 Island Biogeography 3 (species-area relationship: overview) . Many early naturalists, including from Captain Cook’s voyage, noticed a relationship between the size of an island and the number of species it supports (species richness), with larger islands supporting more species. 5. Figure 1. We are also working on new statistical methods for inferring processes in island biogeography. The College Board . To do this, we develop and apply macroecological theory in the lab and use acoustic recorders to study bird and bat distributions in the field. Lab exercise 5 is due at the beginning of the lab period. Therefore, lab material will be on exams. Rebecca G. Biogeography and Conservation Assignments (35% of term mark) There are three assignments for you to complete this term. Your browser does not appear to support HTML5. Explain how a particular body feature of one of the lizard ecomorphs from the virtual lab is an adaptation to their particular niche. 12 Nov. This set of exercises has been created expressly for students and teachers of conservation biology and wildlife management who want to have an impact beyond the classroom. Communities and Ecosystems 4. LAB. For Next Week . Using the Data (A) Rank the islands again on the habitat Island simulation report page, this time based on your own data. 10. Lindell--301 Natural Science, 884-1241, 353-9874, lindellc@msu. 11-14 Island biogeography Lab exercise 6: Late Quaternary range and migrations. P. Ideally, the theory of island biogeography refers to an undisturbed island that has no human contact or activity. ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY The theory of island biogeography was developed by Robert MacArthur and Edward O. Island Biogeography and Evolution: Choose from 279 different sets of biogeography biology flashcards on Quizlet. List three habitat types (“biological islands”) that are influenced by the theory of island biogeography. Important early criticism of the use of island biogeography theory for reserve network design came from Margules and several collaborators in 1982. An island in this context, is not just a segment of land surrounded by water. It is designed for high school biology students. You will be introduced to how these two fields provide insight into how Studying Sc/Biol 1001 Biology II - Evolution, Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation Biology at York University? On StuDocu you find all the study guides, past exams and lecture notes for this course 10/22 Island Biogeography virtual lab website Island biogeography virtual lab work sheet 10/23 Selection and speciation POGIL Speciation video 10/24 - 10/25 Explain Niche coloring HW: Niche coloring BZ 82-85, 69-70 10/25 Continue work from yesterday. Hypothesizing. Scale dependence in plant biodiversity. This 4–credit course meets for 3 hours of lecture/week and for 3 hours of lab/week during the semester. Students will study the concept of speciation and predict an island habitat"s biodiversity based on the island's size and distance from the mainland. B. 0 and the provided sample files. Answers in your own The main goals are to investigate the biogeography and genetic connectivity of benthic communities; assess their response to different food supply regimes in terms of biodiversity, benthic standing stock, and describe the main sediment drivers (biogeochemical variables) affecting faunal distribution patterns. Immigration and Extinction Rates on a Large and a Small Island  CHAPTER 8 Applied Island Biogeography Kostas A. Biogeography is the study of the distribution of biodiversity over space and time. Lab Exercise In this lesson, you will learn about island biogeography, which is the species composition on an island. You will then submit one of either Lab workbook 2, 3 or 4, and one of either Lab workbook 5 or 6 for assessment. In other words, a measure of the variety of different organisms present in different ecosystems. pdf ), Text Take out a piece of notebook paper upon which you will write the answers to What kind of habitat islands are going to have the greatest biodiversity?. With these data, they tested whether the size of the park would influence biodiversity as predicted by the theory of island biogeography. Over the past several decades, ecology has seen an explosion in academic, social, and political activity. Instead environmentalists suggested the idea of eliminating some of the barriers within the geographical range of endangered species that might boost their survival through a better habitat and an increase in their genetic diversity. , Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA, and a lab phone number is +1-785-864-3926. AP® Environmental Science 2013 Scoring Guidelines . In this section you will explore how earth-sun relationships affect climate. Try upgrading your browser to the latest version. Topics for AP Environmental Science Major Case Studies To Know by the AP Exam: Case Study Topic Lesson Learned Tragedy of the Commons We are all in it together Without regulation of a shared resource, Biodiversity – My questions should serve as a guide, these questions are not an exhaustive list; any material from lecture, discussion or lab also is 'up for grabs. The kit’s habitat cards, sticky traps, and bait allow 24 students to design their own field research activity to explore invertebrate island Knowing how many individuals are in a population can be critical. Biodiversity is important as it reflects the environmental health of a species, region, or habitat. Uses inexpensive materials: poster paper, funnel and beans in the "Explore" section. ppt), PDF File (. If you have questions about the laboratories, you may wish to visit the University of Georgia AP Biology web site. The lab has a new logo thanks to the talent of Runxi. Given their ancient origins and limited dispersal I hope that this class will be a discussion filled one, as there are few unambiguously ‘right’ answers in conservation biology. Type. 30. Conservation biology is the management of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions. Some species will go extinct from the island and others will show up, but at some point the number of species will stay the same, even though new ones are showing up and other ones are dying out. In the context of biodiversity conservation, the relevance of the species-area curve, and island biogeography, has never been uncontroversially accepted. Their research reveals information about the dynamic rela-tionships between the earth and the sun, which influence all life on Earth. Wilson developed a general hypothesis of island biogeography to identify the key determinants of species diversity on an island with a given set of physical characteristics. Assessing the effects of a sequestered germline on interdomain lateral gene transfer in Metazoa. Bird and plant species list by protected area in the US (. The syllabus is presented below: G6905 Graduate Seminar in Conservation Biology Poster board sessions for students taking the trip occur in the fall term. Unit 2 Review. Most labs will include writing clinics at the beginning of the lab period. The book presents a set of 32 exercises that are primarily new and greatly revised versions from the book's successful first edition. This course includes a study in biodiversity and conservation on the island of Taiwan. Conservation Biology with RAMAS EcoLab allows 25 -Aug What is Biodiversity?(2) Survey Lab 2 30-Aug Biodiversity Above the Species(3) 1 Sampling Lab-Sep Distribution of Biodiversity (3) 3 6-Sep Island Biogeography Activity 8 Field trip-Sep Field trip 4 13-Sep Extinctions: geological and contemporary time scales (10) 15 -Sep Conservation Ethics & Values(14) Field trip General Ecology (BioSci 310) – Fall 2016 Professor: Copying homework answers from another students or copying even a single Sep 29 8- Island biogeography A comprehensive database of conservation biology quizzes online, test your knowledge with conservation biology quiz questions. The smaller and farther away an "island" is from a continent, the faster the extinction rate. This group of beetles has great economic and ecological importance as it plays a key role in the regulation of insect herbivore populations in both managed and natural systems (Hodek 2012, Majerus 2016). How can they inhabit the same tree? OR b) In the 1800s Darwin realized that fecundity was an important prerequisite for natural selection to lead Reasons to establish National Parks and Reserves are monumentalism (conserving areas with beautiful or unusual features), recreation, protection of areas with utilitarian benefits and preservation of biodiversity. Biogeography theory and how it relates to habitat fragmentation, biodiversity, wildlife corridors and their own community. Accompanied by a detailed instructor’s manual and a student website with software and support materials, the book is ideal for use in the field, lab, or classroom. What are the 4 main principles in the theory of island biogeography? 1-Islands have fewer species than countries. Instead, teach experimental design with another lab such as salinization, ocean acidification, biodiversity with quadrats, or air particulates. Credit Hours: 4 . Palumbi Kewalo Marine Lab and Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA Received 29 September 1995; accepted 27 February 1996 Abstract The coefficient estimate for biodiversity (β 4 = −0. The Lab 1. This article is an expanded version of a plenary address delivered at the 53rd annual meeting of the American Institute of Biological Sciences, held in Arlington, Virginia, 22–24 March 2002. Island Biogeography: How Park Size and Condition Affect the Number of Species Protected. , Room 1710, Wood Hall Young teaches a wide range of courses in physical geography and human-environment interactions, including Anthropocene, Biogeography, Climate Change, Comparative Ecosystems, Landscape Ecology, and the Natural Environment. 2 BIODIVERSITY * Last day to drop a class is Sept 10th Sep 11 M Ch. Search Search An innovative scheme that promotes scientific research in American high schools (SRHS) is taking the course to the next level by linking up with Operation Wallacea to enable students to include field work as part of their studies. The answer involves, in part, understanding the assumptions of the equilibrium theory of island biogeography. By relaying the accounts of his globe-circling journey to the islands of Madagascar to Guam, Quammen shows why island biogeography yields important insights into the origins and extinction of species everywhere. E. Founded in 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. 5 Natural Disruptions to Ecosystems. This class will be an integrated blend of the fields of archaeology and island ecology. Experimental Design Lab: Don’t do as a separate lab just to teach scientific method at the beginning of the year–you don’t have time in an AP® course. ecology, biodiversity and extinction, island biogeography, and illegal wildlife trade. 6. White is helping students collect fish in a small acid stream (Chappepeela Creek) north of Lake Pontchartrain as part of a lab exploring the concept of "habitat" using a fish community as the model. Publications 4. ) This suggests that the bigger reserves are technically better than the smaller ones due to the fact that they have to be connected together with corridors. distributions & analysis July 29 Biodiversity and Island Biogeography beginning of the next week's lab. It could provide an answer to this unexpected surprise. 6 Adaptations. 7: What is the Antiquities Act of 1906? It is an act that says the president can declare a selected public land as a national monument. 19, 21 and 23 Biotic Interactions (3): Interactions between organisms and effects on biodiversity, mutualism, succession and island biogeography, unknown species, dominant species, and keystone species, introduced and Studying Sc/Biol 1001 Biology II - Evolution, Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation Biology at York University? On StuDocu you find all the study guides, past exams and lecture notes for this course Song of the Dodo: Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions. This quiz and corresponding worksheet will help you quickly gauge your understanding of what island biogeography is and how it's used by researchers today. 2009 Research Associate, Molecular Phylogenetics Lab of the University & Jepson Herbaria, UC Berkeley 2008 Curatorial Assistant, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, UC Berkeley 2007 Curatorial Assistant, University & Jepson Herbaria, UC Berkeley PUBLICATIONS 18. WEEK 12. Course Justification. Methods: MacArthur and Wilson proposed the "equilibrium model of island biogeography" in the 1960ís. The course also has a section on environmental law and the management of public lands. 29) is significant at the 1% level and suggests that if a country with a relatively high biodiversity index of 663 (such as Indonesia), were to lose 15% of its biodiversity, the burden of VBPDs would be expected to rise by about 30%. Life System and Environmental & Evolutionary Biology II Lab 9: Island Biogeography Computer Laboratory. Criteria: Scientific drawings drawn to normal standards including; accurate scale bars, all required features -Minimum Viable Populations: small numbers of surviving species are more vulnerable to extinction. Exams cover lecture, topics Island Biogeography and the Biodiversity is what makes the planet earth unique and different from every other planet in the solar system. Updated 5/16/2019 During the lab, but prior to the activity, we introduce the concepts in the activity by discussing island biogeography and the effects of island size and isolation on species diversity during the same lab period. Write your response in the space provided for each question. An island is thus any patch surrounded by an environment unsuitable for the “island” species. edu. We contribute to: This activity analyzes a published scientific figure from a study in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. You will have the opportunity to learn some common plants and Rigorous tests of patterns in functional di‐ Island biogeography (L. The purpose of this lab is to review the organisms found and determine the biodiversity of the ecosystem. The Theory of Island Biogeography is a nice 5E lab using inexpensive materials (funnels, beans and poster paper) that not only teaches students an important concept, but also helps develop higher level thinking skills. Navigate to the section on ‘Biogeographic aspects of biodiversity’ and use it to define the biogeography of a species. In this study, scientists investigated how the eradication of rinderpest disease led to a boom in the wildebeest population. Evolution. . Lab 1: Vertebrate evolution 3. Today, the membership association is Invasions, Invasive Species and Island Biogeography 1: What are the 4 main principles in the theory of island biogeography? Islands have fewer species than continents; 2 sources of new species on an island are migration from the mainland and evolution of new species in place; The smaller the island, the fewer the species Tibby J, Barr C, Marshall JC, McGregor GB, Moss PT, Arnold LJ, PAGE TJ, Questiaux D, Olley J, Kemp J, Spooner N, Petherick L, Penny D, Moss, E, Mooney S (2017) Persistence of wetlands on North Stradbroke Island (south-east Queensland, Australia) during the last glacial cycle: implications for Quaternary science and biogeography. Remote islands are particularly at risk for invasions. Biodiversity 3. AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Theory of Island Biogeography Guide-sheet Please Do Not Write On This Sheet Take out a piece of notebook paper upon which you will write the answers to this worksheet Hypothesizing 1. Lesson One For the first lesson go to The Encyclopedia of Earth , read the short enter there and study the diagram of the Kelp Forest ecosystem when sea otters are present and when they are absent. Carter, B. How is an ecomorph different from a species? The ecomorph is a group within a species. This means we can get through all the material in one hour but there are lots of activities that you can supplement this with if you wish, for example plotting the position of volcanoes and earthquakes to show the location of plate boundaries. The surprise is that stehlini on Gran Canaria appears to have the oldest ancestor although atlantica is actually closer to Africa. Our lab is generally interested in island biogeography, conservation biology, community ecology, life-history theory and urban ecology, as well as the interactions between these fields. The Biodiversity Research Laboratory was set up to answer a very simple question: “Are we succeeding in conserving Philippine Biodiversity?” Long term ecological research is key to produce answers that are comparable across space and across time. 1997. Lab Exercise 3. Island biogeography is a study aimed at establishing and explaining the factors that affect species diversity of a specific community. Biodiversity could refer to different species, differences between similar species and even differences between members of the same species. Outlines, bulleted lists, or diagrams alone are not acceptable. island biogeography and biodiversity lab answers

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